Motor and Electric Cars

Tesla electric semi truck vs new mercedes benz actros e600 truck

Tesla electric semi truck vs new mercedes benz actros e600 truck

After years of delay.The Tesla Semi has finally hit the road Earlier this year. All-electric long-haul trucks are modular Tesla Class 8 truck design and implementation methods. From the design and execution of its exterior and interior, to the placement of its three electric motors, it’s unlike anything else on the highway.

Tesla isn’t the first to bring a Class 8 electric truck to market:eCascadia by Freightliner AndVolvo VNR electric car They both beat Tesla. Tesla did not reveal many details about the Semi, which is still being built in “test batches” with about 70 of them completed so far, said engineering director Dan Priestley, but its performance and range appear to be better than both.

However, nothing is set in stone in today’s Class 8 truck segment, time and effort are money, and truck operators are eager to adopt technology that saves time and effort.Freightliner is the parent company of Daimler TrucksA Class 8 electric truck, the Mercedes-Benz Actros e600, has been launched in the European market, providing useful context for comparisons with the Tesla Semi.

Regardless of the powertrain, range and gross weight (GCW) are key numbers for a Class 8 truck. The relatively lower energy density of a battery pack compared to a diesel tank makes these numbers even more important for an electric powertrain.

Total numbers for the Tesla Semi are 500 miles and 82,000 pounds of gross weight. likeMotor directionChristian Seabaugh reports while watching No. 15Tesla Semis delivered to PepsiCo’s Frito-Lay plant In Modesto, California, that range matches a Pepsi driver’s assertion that the rig has a 1,000-kilowatt-hour battery, which Elon Musk claims uses about 1.7 kilowatts per mile.

The new Actros e600 is equipped with three sets of lithium-ion phosphate (LFP) batteries with a total installed capacity of 621 kWh and a usable capacity of 590 kWh, which Daimler says provide enough power to drive the European-spec truck for 310 miles. . This means that the E600’s power consumption is not far behind that of the Tesla Semi, which is 1.9 kilowatts per mile.

What is even more interesting is that the Mercedes-Benz GCW is higher – 88,000 pounds versus 82,000 pounds. What does this mean compared to semi? As always with Tesla, the devil is in the details. A quick look at the spec sheet on Tesla’s website shows that the Semi is also available in 300-mile range spec, suggesting the version comes with a 600 kWh battery. But the gross weight of lower-range excavators remains the same at 82,000 pounds, the maximum weight limit in the United States.

Batteries are heavy and are included in the gross weight of the vehicle, tractor, trailer and payload. Therefore, a Tesla Semi with a 1,000 kWh battery cannot transport as heavy a load as a Tesla Semi with a 600 kWh battery. The Actros E600 outperforms both with equal efficiency. Daimler Trucks says the e600’s payload is limited to just over 48,000 pounds under EU specifications, but more can be transported in countries where the law allows it.

The Tesla Semi features three electric motors believed to produce in excess of 1,000 horsepower, while the Actros e600 features two electric motors running on an 800-volt electrical architecture, producing 536 hp continuous power and a peak output of 805 hp via a four-speed transmission. The Tesla Semi does not have adjustable regeneration; Actros e600 drivers can choose from five different trim levels and have the option of single-pedal driving via the touchscreen.

Daimler’s so-called Predictive Powertrain Control uses data from satellite navigation systems and cameras to automatically adjust powertrain and transmission output to provide the most efficient operation. Two optional power intake systems have been developed for the truck. One that allows the operation of hydraulic or mechanical equipment such as dump trailers, skid-floor trailers or silo trailers. The AC power outlet is equipped with an inverter that converts DC power from the high voltage grid into AC power so that the refrigerated car body or refrigerated trailer can be powered.

The Tesla Semi will accept charging rates of up to 750 kilowatts from Tesla’s own superchargers, meaning a 1,000 kilowatt-hour battery can be charged from nearly empty to 70% in 30 minutes, and to 100% in 90 minutes of battery power. The Actros e600 can accept up to 400 kW charging, but upcoming upgrades to previous trucks will allow 1,000 kW capacity with the introduction of the MCS megawatt charging system in Europe. Daimler says that with MCS, the Actros e600’s battery can go from a 20% state of charge to 80% within 30 minutes.

Elon Musk says Tesla Semi will save truck operators up to $200,000 in fuel costs over three years. Daimler says the Actros E600 will be more profitable than a long-haul diesel truck within five years, or after 372,000 miles, even though the purchase price is about two to two and a half times higher than a comparable diesel truck. It will offset higher manufacturing CO2 emissions (due to batteries) in the first year or two of operation compared to its diesel counterpart.

Daimler also says the Actros e600 has been built to the same durability standards as the regular Actros, meaning it should last approximately 750,000 miles over 10 years of operation, and even then the health status of the LFP battery should be 80%.

Of course, the Mercedes-Benz Actros e600, which is currently on sale and scheduled to be fully produced in Germany by the end of 2024, is an 8 Series truck designed specifically for Europe. But the key thing to remember is that the American brands Freightliner andWestern star, it could use the same powertrain and battery technology as the E600. And with the amount of experience they have building long-haul trucks for the US, any electric trucks they release in the future could pose a real challenge for Tesla Semi.


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